PHENOLOGICAL CHECKLIST OF THE BIRDS OF KONZA PRAIRIE
The following key defines the relative abundance indicated for each species (modified and updated
from data previously published from Zimmerman, J.L. 1985. Birds of Konza Prairie Biological Station,
Kansas. The Prairie Nauralist 17:185-192.)
1 = RARE. Very few records, not to be expected
2 = OCCASIONAL. Irregular during the season indicated; or if regular, irregular in its annual
frequency of occurance.
3 = UNCOMMON.  Present during the season indicated at low densities. Appropriate habitats
must be searched.
4 = COMMON. Present in moderate densities during the seasons indicated and can be expected
in appropriate habitats.
5 = ABUNDANT. Occurs at high densities, a very noticeable species in appropriate habitats.
Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb
Pied-Billed Grebe 22 222 222   22 222
Double-Crested Cormorant   1
American Bittern 11  
Great Blue Heron 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 222 222 222 222 222
Great Egret 1  
Cattle Egret 1  
Green-backed Heron 33 333 333 333 333 33
Black-Crowned Night-Heron   1
Yellow-Crowned Night-Heron   1
Wood Duck 33 333 333 333 3   222 1
Green-Winged Teal 222 22  
Mallard 333 33   33 333 333 333 333
Blue-Winged Teal 22 22  
Gadwell 33   2 333 333 3
American Wigeon 1  
Ring-Necked Duck 333 3  
Common Goldeneye   2 222 22
Bufflehead 22   1
Hooded Merganser 22   22
Ruddy Duck   1
Turkey Vulture 33 333 333 333 333 333 333 3
Osprey   22 1
Misssissippi Kite 1 1   222
Bald Eagle   222 222 222
Northern Harrier 333 333 333 333 332 222 333 444 444 444 333 333
Sharp-Shinned Hawk 444 444   1   444 444 333 333 333 333
Cooper's Hawk 222 222 1   222 222 222 222
Northern Goshawk 1 1   1 1
Broad-Winged Hawk 1  
Swainson's Hawk 33 333 32 222 222 222 222 22
Red-Tailed Hawk 444 444 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 444 444 444
Rough-Legged Hawk 333 33   333 333 333 333
Golden Eagle 22   22 222 222 222
American Kestrel 444 444 333 333 333 333 333 333 444 444 444 444
Merlin   22 22 1 1
Peregrine Falcon 22 222 2   1
Prairie Falcon 333 3   333 333 333 333 333 333
Ring-Necked Pheasant 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444
Greater Prairie-Chicken 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444
Wild Turkey 2 222 222 222 2  
Northern Bobwhite 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444
Virginia Rail 222 2  
Sora 222 22   22
American Coot 22  
Lesser Golden Plover 33 3  
Killdeer 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 222 222 222 222
Greater Yellowlegs 1  
Lesser Yellowlegs 222 2  
Solitary Sandpiper 22   222 222 2
Willet 1  
Spotted Sandpiper 22 2   22  
Upland Sandpiper 44 444 444 444 443 222 2
Marbled Godwit 1  
Long-Billed Dowitcher   1
Common Snipe 3 333 332 222   2
American Woodcock 222 222 222 222 222 222 2
Franklin's Gull 44 222  
Ring-Billed Gull 222 222   1
Rock Dove 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333
Mourning Dove 555 555 555 555 555 555 554 444 444 422 222 22
Black-Billed Cuckoo 33 333 333 333 333 33
Yellow-Billed Cuckoo 444 444 444 433 333 3
Barn Owl 1  
Eastern Screech-Owl 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222
Great Horned Owl 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333
Burrowing Owl 1  
Barred Owl 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333
Long-Eared Owl   1
Short-Eared Owl 2 22   2 222 222 222
Common Nighthawk 444 444 444 444 444
Common Poorwill 44 444 444 444 333 333
Chuck-Will's-Widow 333 333 33  
Whip-Poor-Will 22   1
Chimney Swift 44 444 444 444 444 444 4
Ruby-Throated Hummingbird 22 222 222 222
Belted Kingfisher 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333
Red-Headed Woodpecker 444 444 555 555 555 555 444 444 444 444 444 444
Red-Bellied Woodpecker 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444
Yellow-Bellied Sapsucker 1   33 3
Downey Woodpecker 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444
Hairy Woodpecker 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 332 222
Northern Flicker 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444
Olive-Sided Flycatcher 33   33 333
Eastern Wood-Pewee 444 444 444 444 444
Willow Flycatcher 1 11  
Least Flycatcher 444   444 44
Eastern Phoebe 33 333 333 333 333 333 333 33
Great Crested Flycatcher 555 444 444 444 333
Western Kingbird 2 222 222 222 222 22
Eastern Kingbird 555 444 444 444 555
Scissor-Tailed Flycatcher 2 222 222 222 222 222 22
Horned Lark 222 222 222 21 1   222 222 222 222
Purple Martin 222 222 222 222 222
Tree Swallow 1  
Northern Rough-Winged Swallow 3 333 333 333 333 322 2
Cliff Swallow 222 222 222 222 22
Barn Swallow 44 444 444 444 444 555 44
Blue Jay 444 444 444 444 444 444 445 555 544 444 444 444
American Crow 333 333 333 333 333 333 444 444 444 333 333 333
Black Capped Chickadee 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444
Tufted Titmouse 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444
Red-Breasted Nuthatch   1
White-Breasted Nuthatch 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444
Brown Creeper 333 333   33 333 333 333 333
Rock Wren   1
Carolina Wren 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333
Bewick's Wren 444 444 444 444 444 444 333 333 222 222 222 222
House Wren 555 555 555 555 555 444 44
Winter Wren 222 22   2 222 222 222 222 222
Sedge Wren 2 22 1 333 333 333 33
Marsh Wren   1 1
Golden-Crowned Kinglet 2 222   33 333 33 222 222
Ruby-Crowned Kinglet 4 444 44 1   44 444 4 1
Blue-Gray Gnatcatcher 333 333 333 333 333 33
Eastern Bluebird 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 333 333 333
Mountain Bluebird 1   1
Veery 1  
Gray-Cheeked Thrush 1  
Swainson's Thrush 333 3   22
Hermit Thrush   222
Wood Thrush 2 2   22
American Robin 444 444 444 444 444 444 555 555 555 544 334 444
Gray Catbird 333 333 333 333 333 33
Northern Mockingbird 33 333 332 222 222 222 333 333 1
Brown Thrasher 555 555 555 555 555 444 44
American Pipit 2 22   2 222
Sprague's Pipit   1
Cedar Waxwing 33 333 33   1 333 222 222 222
Loggerhead Shrike 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 332 222 222 222
European Starling 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444
White-Eyed Vireo 1   22 2
Bell's Vireo 444 444 444 444 444
Solitary Vireo 22   33 33
Warbling Vireo 33 333 333 333 333 33
Red-Eyed Vireo 333 333 333 333 33
Tennessee Warbler 444  
Orange-Crowned Warbler 4 4   4 44
Nashville Warbler 4 4   4 444 444
Northern Parula 2 222 222 222 222 2
Yellow Warbler 33 1   22 2
Chestnut-Sided Warbler 1  
Magnolia Warbler 1   1
Yellow-Rumped Warbler 444 4   555 44
Black-Throated Green Warbler 22   22
Blackburnian Warbler 22   22
Pine Warbler 1 1  
Palm Warbler   1 1
Bay-Breasted Warbler   1
Blackpoll Warbler 22  
Black and White Wabler 333 332 222   22 333
American Redstart 33   333
Ovenbird 22   1
Louisiana Waterthrush 333 333 333 333 333 2
Kentucky Warbler 22 222 222 22
Mourning Warbler 22   22 2
Common Yellowthroat 44 444 444 444 444 444 44
Wilson's Warbler 22   33 333
Yellow-Breasted Chat 1  
Summer Tanage 333 333 333 333 333
Scarlet Tanager 3 333 222 222 2
Northern Cardinal 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444
Rose-Breasted Grosbeak 4 433 333 333 333 322 22
Blue Grosbeak 333 333 333 333
Lazuli Bunting 1  
Indigo Bunting 444 333 333 333 444 3
Dickcissel 444 555 555 555 333 33
Rufous-Sided Towhee 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 444 443 333 333 333
American Tree Sparrow 444 422   22 444 555 555 555
Chipping Sparrow 44 444   33 333
Clay-Colored Sparrow 33 33   33
Field Sparrow 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 333 333 333 333
Vesper Sparrow 344 444   4 444 433 33
Lark Sparrow 44 333 333 333 333 444
Lark Bunting 1   1
Savannah Sparrow 444 444 44   4 444 4 1
Grasshopper Sparrow 555 555 555 555 555 333 33
Henslow's Sparrow 33 333 333 333 333 332 22
Lenconte's Sparrow 2 22   3 333 33
Fox Sparrow 333 33   33 333
Song Sparrow 333 333 3   444 444 333 333 333
Lincoln's Sparrow 44 444 44   44 444 44 2 22
Swamp Sparrow 3 333   333 3
White-Throated Sparrow 33 333   333 33
White-Crowned Sparrow 33 33   333 33
Harris' Sparrow 444 444 444   44 444 443 33 333
Dark-Eyed Junco 444 44   444 444 444 444 444
Lapland Longspur   1 1
Smith's Longspur 1   1 1
Chestnut-Collared Longspur 1 1   1 1
Snow Bunting  
Bobolink 1  
Red-Winged Blackbird 333 333 444 444 444 444 222 444 433 222 222 222
Eastern Meadowlark 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 552 222 222 222
Western Meadowlark 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 22
Yellow-Headed Blackbird- 22   22
Rusty Blackbird 222 22   222 222 222 222
Brewer's Blackbird 222   22
Great-Tailed Grackle 1 1  
Common Grackle 444 444 444 444 444 444 555 555 444 2
Brown-Headed Cowbird 444 444 444 555 555 555 333 333 33 1 1
Orchard Oriole 333 333 333 333
Northern Oriole 444 444 444 444 44
Purple Finch   22 222 222
House Finch   1
Pine Siskin 333 333   33 333 333 3
American Goldfinch 333 333 333 333 333 333 444 444 444 333 333 333
Evening Grosbeak   1
House Sparrow 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333